There are three specific aspects to PBL:
- universal focus – to create a preventative, positive learning environment for all students
- targeted interventions – to improve social-emotional skills for students who need additional support
- individualised intensive supports - for students who have experienced academic and behavioural difficulties over an extended period of time.
Together, this three step process is known as developing a continuum of support. PBL uses a tiered intervention framework which uses varied levels of support for students based on their needs. The tiered approach addresses these needs through:
- investing in prevention for all students
- identifying and providing targeted supports for individual students who need more support
- providing individualised and intensive interventions for students with significant support needs.
Each school develops a continuum of support across the tiers that promotes student wellbeing within a school culture strongly focused on learning.
Through this framework, student assessment and instruction are linked to inform data-based decision-making. All children and young people receive universal support and instruction. If students need more support, their instructional program becomes more intensive and individualised to target their specific learning needs.